Category Archives: harry potter

Essay: My Many Selves as a Geeky Fan


I’ve been thinking a great deal in recent months about what it means to be a fan; bear with me, I think a lot, I write it all down, and I’m not averse to an unhappy ending. This essay is the story of who I have been all my life; I am a geek. I’m not just a geek, but that aspect of who I am has evolved over the years and is a large part of my life.

For the first time ever though I’ve evolved because of other fans and I’ve been hurt by that change. For you to understand my heartbreak you need to know the context that came before.

The Early Years


I can remember being an obsessive person from a very young age. As a geek, it started with the Ewok cartoons, before I even knew about the Star Wars films. I was also into ‘Back to the Future’, something I have since identified as being one of my first real obsessions a one, unlike the Ewok cartoons, I am still captivated by.

I’ve always been relatively secure in my interests; if I had periods of trying to conform to ‘normal’ because of peer pressure then they were short lived. I know they did happen, and generally speaking they stopped because I was bored.

I was the kid that got called a geek, a nerd and a swot. When I was younger that hurt. Then, when I was about twelve and I turned around to someone shouting it at me with a simple reply; ‘And?”. They were confused; ‘So what if I’m a swot?”. It didn’t stop them from shouting it at me for a while, until they realised it didn’t bother me. They started shouting other things instead, but that’s different. I was sure of myself and my interests, and it stopped hurting.

This was before the internet and social media were all the rage; I spent my teen years having hushed conversations with friends about whether Next Generation, Deep Space Nine or Voyager was the best Star Trek Series (for which the answer is Deep Space Nine), or whether the Klingons, The Dominion or the Borg were the best villains (despite previous answer, The Borg, hands down). That was about as much interaction as I had with other people about geeky things; I talked with like-minded folks, who also had things like ‘swot’ shouted at them down the corridors.

And I never considered myself lonely; I had friends for other reasons. Being a geeky fan was an entirely different part of my life. It had more to do with my parents than with my peers.


The first time I saw the Star Wars films was when they re-released the films in the cinema in 1997, branded as the Special Editions of the Original Trilogy. Like the generation when Star Wars was first released, I got to see it for the very first time in the cinema.

My parents introduced me to Star Trek. I can even remember being excited about the last few series of Deep Space Nine and Voyager broadcasting for the first time. It’s the same with Stargate SG-1, which I think we watched because of me and my love for the fact they combined science fiction with Ancient Egyptian mythology.

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And then there is J.R.R. Tolkien. I was never taken with ‘The Hobbit’, which I read as a child, so Tolkien was a bit of a mystery to me overall. All I knew was that ‘The Lord of the Rings’ was one of the few books my dad would read again and again. I can remember seeing the trailer for The Fellowship of the Ring, and being intrigued by the fact my dad was excited by it. And then I saw the film for the first time. Wham! In the space of 178 minutes, I became a fully-fledged fantasy fan as well as a sci-fi geek.

It was my first evolution; it changed everything. I still didn’t like ‘The Hobbit’, but I devoured ‘The Lord of the Rings’, its appendices, and swiftly moved onto ‘The Silmarillion’ and ‘The Unfinished Tales’. It made me take interest in Harry Potter. I discovered Trudi Canavan. The Chronicles of Narnia, which I had already loved as a kid, became even more important. As a writer now I write about magic, and it is all because of Tolkien and Peter Jackson.

It was also the beginning of my passion for special features; how it was made, how they did it, how the actors felt being part of the production. I read the movie guides and re-read the books again and again. It wasn’t just with ‘The Lord of the Rings’ I did this. It spread to other passions. I practically memorised the Star Trek Encyclopaedia by Michael and Denise Okuda as well.

Being a geek was something I did with trusted friends, my parents and in the privacy of my room where I could devour my interest, safe in the knowledge that no-one could stop me from enjoying myself. I didn’t know what it meant to be an introvert at the time, but knowing that now, explains a great deal about why I was a private geek. This continued on for many years.

Discovering Fan Fiction

Up until I was about sixteen the internet had nothing to do with my life as a geek. The geekiest thing I did on the computer was read the Encarta Encyclopaedia. Despite the internet becoming more popular, it was something the cool kids did.

Given they called me names in person and my books didn’t, I didn’t really gravitate towards using emails, MSN messenger or MySpace, because books were better. The first email I sent was when I started university in September 2006. I didn’t join Facebook until 2007 because my boyfriend (now my husband) persuaded me, and also set me up a personal email account at the same time.

Before then I hadn’t shown much interest; I can even remember the first time I accessed a website. It was at school, and one of the German teachers looked at me as if I was completely thick when she told us we needed to access a website and I said didn’t know how; conversation went like this.

“Miss it doesn’t seem to be working.”

“Type in the correct web address.”

“Yeah Miss, I’ve done that, but it isn’t coming up.” So I closed it down and started it up again because she thought it must have been the connection. She watched me type in the address again. I waited. “See Miss it isn’t working.” Then the look came.

“You need to press enter,” she said in an incredibly condescending tone.

“Oh, I didn’t know that,” I said. I pressed enter; it worked.

“How did you not know that?”

“Never used the internet before Miss,” I answered. The look again; I got it from quite a few classmates as well.

Admittedly, I must have been about fifteen, this was 2003 and the internet wasn’t exactly in the flush of youth anymore. I think using the internet was expected to be a basic skill. Needless to say I try and watch my tone when people admit they can’t do basic things; if you’ve never been shown then, HOW are you supposed to know?

And now I had been shown, I still wasn’t interested.

It’s rather miraculous really that I ever discovered online Fan Fiction. I’m not even entirely sure why I found it. I think it was because I’d been writing Harry Potter fan fiction (from the Marauder Era, but my protagonist was a character I created, and J.K. Rowling’s characters were just there for me to practice with). When I discovered other people did this too, it never occurred to me to join them and publish my writing online.

I was taught that sharing online was a dangerous thing to do because there were nasty people on the internet. There still are and I’m still careful, and I think the re-definition of ‘troll’ is one of the best examples of how language can be re-purposed.

It was also because I had no desire to share my stories online. If I was going to be a writer, then I wanted my work to be in a book and printed on actual paper with ink. I still want that now. I dread to think what people would have thought of my writing, because reading it back it is terrible. But it was practice. I did however have a very short phase of reading other people’s fan fiction with great interest, but I was only ever interested in Harry Potter. I knew Lord of the Rings stuff existed, but I had no interest in it.

It was I guess my first introduction to what we now call shipping. As a fan of the Harry Potter books I always thought Harry and Hermione would end up together. I still think that, but I’ve always been of the opinion that J.K. Rowling as the writer had the right to do what she wanted with her story, and I accepted that. In Fan Fiction though I was drawn to Hermione and Severus Snape ending up together.

It is weird thinking about it now, but all I can assume attracted me to it was the fact that I related a great deal to Hermione as a teenager, in the same way I did to Matilda when I was even younger. They were both girls that loved books and were rather clever, and they were accepted as such; I say the shouting of ‘swot’ down the corridor stopped hurting. It would however have been nicer to not have to hear it at all.

And Snape was for me the perfect complex character. I didn’t quite know what he was really thinking or who he was really working for; he was a mystery and I loved him as an anti-hero. At this point Alan Rickman had also been cast, and I have a soft spot for him, because I loved him as the Sheriff of Nottingham.

I cried, several times, when I learnt he had died; I do that very rarely for celebrities, Natasha Richardson having been the previous instance. All I can assume is that I liked the combination of Hermione and Snape, because as a hormonal teen, it was a weird way of having a crush on an actor.  This phase lasted probably about three weeks as a deep obsession, before I got bored and it petered away, and I went back to how I had been before; private.

There is however a reason why I have mentioned it; it was my first foray into the idea that people explore stories outside of canon. I’ll come back to that.

The University Years

I consider being a student at University as my formative years. Because in university, I met more geeks, and being into geeky stuff at university isn’t uncool. I didn’t have to talk in a hushed voice about my opinions. People in university are a lot more grown up than school kids.

I also theorise that alcohol, partying, and the freedom to do whatever you wanted outside of parental constraints but within the law, changed most people that thought being a geek was a bad thing by teaching them a lesson. The lesson being that people are allowed to be whoever they want to be. All the geeks, nerds and swots actually had a head-start on the cool kids with that freedom, because we had been free being ourselves for a lot longer.

I went out in Newcastle on my first night as a student; I was out until 3am with a girl I didn’t know but who I had to now share a bathroom with. I was also utterly naïve to partying, and I hated every minute of it. I stayed sober, and somehow managed to get myself to my 9am introductory lecture in the morning. I was bleary eyed, but I paid attention enough to discover I could be a student representative, and thus started my interest in politics, but that’s another story.

the time traveller's wife.jpg

That night, rather than go out again I stayed in reading a new book I’d treated myself to with my student loan ‘The Time Traveller’s Wife’ by Audrey Niffenegger. It is the only time I have read the book, because the context I read it in is too important for me to consider going back to it just yet (this is how I still feel ten years later). I lost myself in its pages, rather than go out to ‘have fun’ just because I could. I already knew who I was as a person, and it was the sort of person who curls up with a good book rather than light up the ‘Toon’.

I did meet people at university though, including the man that is now my husband. I did it my way though, via social interaction that didn’t involve being hungover the next day. I was bruised, but that happens in Karate. I made friends on my history course, and through my hobby, and discovered commons interests with them. With my partner, we shared our interests by binge watching box sets, and talking about geeky stuff we loved as we got to know each other.

I was no longer a private geek; I had my partner and I had friends at university that were a lot more open to accepting me as being a geek. I was also becoming a great deal more certain about the fact that I want to be a writer. This lead me to the internet.

Social Media


I have this blog, and it is the foundation stone for my platform as a writer. It links to Facebook and to Twitter. It linked to Google+ and being a good little social networker, I set myself up on Pinterest and Tumblr too; I was connected.

Google+ was the first to fall away due to it being mysterious. Pinterest never really worked for me and my blog. Tumblr just became somewhere else where I copied my WordPress posts to without much readership. It is only really on Facebook and Twitter that I’ve maintained my author platform.

Pinterest and Tumblr though become something else to me; they became the places I went to follow my geeky interests. I find crossovers amusing; there are some really great examples of fan art out there, and while I don’t participate myself I have been stunned by the creativity and dedication some people put into their passion.

I evolved again; I was no longer a private geek, I was a social media geek. I laughed alongside everyone else at the joke about the ‘basic’ girl being a bit frightened by fandoms.

I began to identify as being part of fandoms. I connected with other like-minded people. It became something that I would share with my partner; I’d even share content on Facebook with my non-geek friends as a demonstration of who I am as a person. I would laugh at, like, re-blog, pin, and tweet about things geeky that I loved. While my platform was still there for writing, it also became the online extension of the geeky part of my personality.

I was no longer a private geek, and when on this very blog I started to write reviews, I deliberately developed sections dedicated to certain fandoms. I doubt that I am alone in having done this, and I would very much correlate this rise in geeks creating content for the internet with the rise in franchises. Because why not? Fan content is free marketing. Why create something new, when what you can do instead is simply add to an existing franchise with a fandom that will go on to passionately share their fan-art and memes. Many will even go on to write fan-fiction.

This is who I became. Don’t get me wrong, I haven’t admired everything that I’ve seen over the years with wide-eyed naivety. There are things that don’t amuse me, there are fandoms that I’m not a part of, and I don’t always agree with everything shared on the internet.

I am also just not that into shipping; the foray into Harry Potter fan fiction was brief. I also very briefly developed in interest in Reylo because of one sketch by a fan. I read one fan fiction dedicated to Kylux. Then people started shipping Daisy Ridley and Adam Driver, and alarm bells went off in my head. I stopped paying attention to shipping and went back a step to crossovers, memes and great art work.

To be honest, I ashamed that I didn’t see what happened next coming from a mile off.

‘The Final Problem’


Needless to say I no longer laugh at the joke about the ‘basic’ girl being a bit frightened by fandoms. Whether she was ever real or not, the joke was real and that girl saw something I didn’t. She saw the obsession of some fans and was frightened by how intensely protective they are their interest.

I’m not frightened; I am really disappointed.

As you can see from my essay, I have evolved as a fan over the years. I was the little girl pouring over books, and watching the television with my parents. I dipped my toe here or there into the internet, before becoming a confident half of a partnership not scared to be geeky together. And then I became the social media geek.

Over the years, what I have liked has changed. I mentioned ‘Matilda’ before; I was a massive Roald Dahl fan. That faded for years until I recently read ‘Love from Boy’.

love from boy

I am still a massive fan of ‘The Lord of the Rings’, ‘The Silmarillion’, and I also like ‘The Hobbit’ films, despite the fact I dislike the book.


I have had a love/hate relationship with the MCU for years; I hate Tony Stark, but ‘The Winter Soldier’ made me fall into love with the rest of the MCU. Now though I’m a bit ‘meh’ about it because I’ve got bored.


I’ve also figured out why I’ve struggled to connect to Doctor Who in recent years because of the cancellation of Doctor Who Confidential which satisfied my love of knowing how it was made.

And there are many more; I am a Browncoat; I find joy in Benedict Jacka’s Alex Verus books. There are standalone books like ‘The Moon is a Harsh Mistress’ that have wormed their way into my heart. I’ve never blogged about Harry Potter, but Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them re-sparked inspiration for my own writing.

I blog reviews and I talk about my passions a lot. However, except from having the odd discussion on WordPress with other bloggers, all of which have been pleasant even if we haven’t always agreed, I was only ever really an observer of internet fandoms.

I’m really struggling to be that anymore. Every time I go on Tumblr now I leave it feeling low. I’ve pretty much stopped because instead of cheering me up and being a place of refuge it has become a place where I only find hatred. If it was not for the fact I go on Tumblr to also read about Feminism, LBGTQIA and INTJ, I might have already followed through with my deleting my account entirely.  I’ve retreated on Pinterest; I haven’t deleted my ‘Geek!’ board but it is now a private place just for me and my husband.

I want to be a private geek again; someone who talks with like-minded people in person. The appeal of being part of a fandom died a sudden death and it utterly broke my heart. There have been actual tears because I loved going on the internet and seeing that I was not alone as a geek. I even tweeted this not long ago before I’d come to fully realise and process all of my recent feelings.

Like I said I wasn’t lonely as a geeky child, but there were fewer of us. Before the internet I hadn’t really been able to discover the true richness of being able to share your passions with other people. I was able to become that person over time and through the development of technology that put other people in the palm of my hand wherever I was, provided I had enough battery and a decent 4G signal. Pulling back from what I had become hurts.

It hurts all the more, because it isn’t what I love that’s changed and changed me like it had been before. Other fans crossing the line has forced this transformation.

I have been disappointed over the years by things I love. I don’t like ‘The Half-Blood Prince’ all that much, either the book or the film. I don’t hate J.K. Rowling because of it though. I was deeply disappointed by ‘Civil War’; I don’t hate the creators of the MCU though. I don’t dislike Tolkien just because I’ve never liked ‘The Hobbit’. I might never forgive the BBC for cancelling Doctor Who Confidential, or Fox for cancelling Firefly; I don’t hate the people who made that decision though.

And I might not have been thrilled with ‘The Final Problem’ the last episode in the fourth series of Sherlock, but I mostly certainly don’t hate Stephen Moffat and Mark Gatiss because of it. I certainly don’t send threating tweets or blog on Tumblr about how the creators are now not allowed to identify themselves as being who they are because people disliked what they didn’t do in Sherlock. I don’t lash out angrily at other fans because they are fans of Sherlock in a different way, and didn’t have the same hate-fuelled reaction to the episode. I don’t believe my opinion is the only one that matters and anyone else is wrong, which therefore justifies bullying.

I have never hated a writer because they did something I disliked. I’ve been disappointed, and fine yes the first time I watched ‘The Final Problem’ I was a bit bored. I wasn’t the second time though and while it will never be one of my favourite episodes it is still better than most television I’ve ever watched. In fact I would credit Stephen Moffat and Mark Gatiss with sparking off a bit of a television revolution. I doubt clever shows that don’t dumb it down for their audience such as ‘The Man in the High Castle’ or ‘Westworld’ would exist if the foundation of modern clever television that started with Sherlock hadn’t been laid.

I will never agree with the reasons people are justifying those actions ; the creators are human beings and that in itself is enough for me to be respectful. I reserve hatred for rare examples of human beings who are actively making the very real lives of human beings miserable. I’d never hate someone because of something fictional.

The fact people are acting like this has actually made me ashamed of being a geek, something I have never felt in my life.

I shed tears when I first saw Gandalf fall in Moria; I still cry when Dumbledore dies; I struggle to watch John Watson talking to Sherlock’s grave; and the ending to The Moon is a Harsh Mistress chokes me up just thinking about it. I’ve been moved to tears many times over the years because of the books, films and televisions shows that I have let into my heart.

I never thought I’d ever cry because another fan had hurt me, but I have, and those tears have been the most painful, because they came from the very last sort of people I ever thought; the sort of people who like me probably got called a ‘swot’ or a ‘geek’ or a ‘nerd’ when it was meant as an insult rather than as a way of identifying ourselves.

Moving forward…

I detest the word fandom now; I’m seriously contemplating editing my entire blog to remove the word. If it does disappear then you know I did.

I’m in two minds about keeping my Tumblr account, and I doubt my ‘Geek!’ board will ever re-emerge as a public board on Pinterest. I’ve stopped reading the comment threads on twitter, especially on anything Mark Gatiss tweets. I’ve followed him for years, for various reasons and loved reading the commentary because many of his fans are witty and respectful. Now, I always find one that isn’t.

I don’t want to be associated with that backlash. I don’t want to be thought of as a member of any fandom, because for me the word has come to be associated with being part of the ownership of what has been created. Rather than the writer being the owner, the audience is instead, which is a very postmodernism viewpoint and I dislike postmodernism for many reasons.

Fan Fiction in the days when I developed an interest in Snape/Hermione was a bit of fun. I should have known when people started shipping Daisy and Adam, rather than Rey and Kylo that the lines between reality and fiction, canon and fan fiction have become blurred. For some people I don’t even think they exist at all.

And I think it is going to take me a long time to come to terms with the disappointment I felt when fans of Sherlock lashed out in hatred.

For now I’m just pottering along; I’m still going to blog, because I’m not going to silence my voice because I’ve been disappointed by what others have said with theirs. I’m using twitter to tweet some geeky stuff, because I’m not going to deny part of myself because other fans have made me feel ashamed.

But the most recent evolution of myself as a geek has shaken me to the very core and I’m not going to get over that easily. I also don’t see this evolution of myself as a geek being able to move forward with the sort of positive progress I have made over the years; I can’t ever go backwards, but I don’t see forwards as being an option either.

I’m stuck as a geek who can no longer entirely trust other geeks to have my back even if we have a different opinion. We didn’t all hush our voices because we were ashamed of being who we are, some of us just weren’t as confident about being a geek as others. We whispered to save those that were a bit embarrassed from being overheard by our bullies.

I never thought the geeks would become like the bullies. Maybe I am just a bit more wide-eyed and naïve than I had thought.

Book (Re)Writing – Re-Discover Inspiration



I wrote recently about finding the re-writing process of my book a lot tougher than I had imagined. I hadn’t been sure at the time really how to motivate myself again. It’s been pure chance that has re-inspired me, by re-discovering what inspired me in the first place.

It’s quite simple advice really for any time you get stuck writing, go back to the first idea you had, and try to remember why you found it so necessary to develop the idea further. Was it a particular character fault you wanted to develop? Was it a scene that you just knew would make a good story?

Go back to the simplest moment of your writing; the initial inspiration and see if that re-sparks your imagination and motivation.

What was mine you ask? That’s complicated because for me is isn’t a character or a plot that I had thought of that inspired my story, it was another writer and the world they created.

Let’s just say J.K. Rowling’s expansion of the Harry Potter universe this year, which for me started my going to see Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them, followed by pretty much nose diving into the screenplay, and then finally getting around to picking up my copy of the Cursed Child has reminded me why I love to write. I know some fans aren’t happy about the expansion of the Harry Potter Universe – I am not one of them, because it has re-sparked my writing.

So if going back to the original idea you had doesn’t work, then go and find something out there you know you love and enjoy it. That might re-inspire you and if it doesn’t then at least be content in the knowledge you’ve devoted a couple of hours to something you love.

The New Harry Potter Book!!!!!!


harry potter book 8

OMG I am so excited by the news I have learned today. There is going to be a new Harry Potter book.

Let me clarify though, this is a book of the official script of the new Harry Potter play, not a prose story. I had been intrigued by the new play set nineteen years after the end of Deathly Hallows, but I’m not really a theatre person and I had been confused by the idea of splitting the play into two parts, so while I was glad there was a sequel I wasn’t overly hopeful of ever actually seeing it.

However, I am trembling with excitement on learning they are doing a print copy of the script. I really love reading scripts and I love Harry Potter, so quite frankly I am over the moon at the prospect of the book coming out.

I really can’t wait (but I will, with the same patience I developed as I waited in between the books being published).

At the beginning of this year I thought I was just going to be excited by the new prequel film, but I was wrong, I have this to be excited about as well.

2016 may have started as a sad year for Harry Potter fans (RIP Alan Rickman), but I think overall it is going to be brilliant.

The Key to a Great Story – ‘Tragedy’ Plot

Harry's victory or Voldemort's downfall? Depends on the plot type really as to which you choose.

Harry’s victory or Voldemort’s downfall? Depends on the plot type really as to which you choose.

Tragedy is not a plot line that I have ever personally experimented with, perhaps because when I create my characters I fall in love with them. While I’m not adverse to making horrible things happen to them, I as of yet have not found the courage to destroy them. Because when it comes to tragedy that is what you have to do as a writer. You don’t just kill your character you destroy them first; they fall into a downward spiral that generally ends in their death. Classic examples from literature telling of the demise of the protagonist include Macbeth and Dorian Grey.

Until like with the other plotlines I’ve written about, I’ve never read or watched very many tragedies in my lifetime. This might not be the case for many of you out there, and you might love this plot type, but the only tragedy I’ve ever studied closely was Macbeth and that was more years ago than I care to remember. It means that to be able to explain the concept of tragedy to you, I’m going to have to have a bit of creative license with a well known and very popular fantasy series.

So the Harry Potter books are written as an overcoming a threat storyline, naturally mixed in with a few other sub-plots along the way, but basically it is about overcoming the threat Voldemort poses. Now, think about it the other way around, the story of Voldemort’s life is actually a tragedy plotline.

Tom Riddle did not have the best start in life, and I think he could be forgiven for being an uncaring and nasty child. From the glimpses you get of his life in the orphanage he didn’t have the idyllic childhood that most parents would want for their children; as is pointed out in the Chamber of Secrets by Tom Riddle neither did Harry. But once Tom Riddle got to Hogwarts he proved himself to be an extremely capable and charming individual capable of making friends. Like Harry. The difference with Voldemort though is that he wanted something more than just a happy life.

This desire, in Voldemort’s case for power and eternal life, is what makes him different from Harry. Both of them have the same opportunities at the start, but what sets Protagonist in tragedies apart from other protagonists is their desire for something (power, money, everlasting life: you name it and your protagonist can want it) that they are willing to acquire by crossing lines that most people would not cross. In a way tragedies are morality tales designed to teach about the consequences of greed.

The path that these protagonists tread leads them to getting what they want but at a price. Then however they have to pay that price. Macbeth gets haunted by ghosts. Voldemort is taken out by baby Harry because failed to see the power behind love and how a mother’s love could undo him. He was condemned to wandering as little more than a spirit possessing corporeal hosts.

The next phase in tragedies is the protagonist overcoming their obstacles, whether it be a matter of conscious, or in Voldemort’s case a Hogwarts’ teacher trying to get the Philosopher’s Stone for him. The Protagonist gets a little bit of good fortune and continue on in the goals. In Voldemort’s case his rise to power is what constitutes the Harry Potter series. Protagonists in tragedies always meet their downfall though, usually facing set backs and more obstacles as they continue to rise higher and higher, until something knocks them down. Enter Harry Potter.

So if Voldemort was the protagonist in the Harry Potter books the story would be a tragedy. You’re not intended to like such protagonists; you’re meant to learn from their mistakes. It is their downfall that makes these types of stories satisfying to read.

The Key to a Great Story – ‘Overcoming a Threat’ Plot

The Key to a Great Story – ‘Overcoming a Threat’ Plot
Harry's victory or Voldemort's downfall? Depends on the plot type really as to which you choose.

Harry’s victory or Voldemort’s downfall? Depends on the plot type really as to which you choose.

One of the easiest plots to understand is where the protagonist has to overcome a threat posed by the antagonist. Stories like the Harry Potter books, Star Wars: A New Hope and the James Bond films all revolve around this premise.

The plots in these types of stories threaten the status quo, and it falls to the protagonist and their companions to try and return their world back to the status quo. Plots of this type generally escalate. The situation gets worse and worse until near the end the antagonistic force is overcome.  Along the way the protagonists and their companions might fall out (as frequently happens in the Harry Potter books), but in the end their goals unite them all together to help defeat the enemy.  The world then is able to slowly return to normal for the vast majority of people.

The world through might not be the same for your protagonist. They might have had to make sacrifices along the way, had to overcome grief and they might have had to fight because they had lost everything in the first place. It might not be possible for the world to be the same ever again. They might not be heroes: they might have been acting because they were angry or frightened, or because their only other choice was to die.

What makes these types of stories interesting is the emotional trauma that the protagonist has to go through and overcome in order to get to the end. In Lord of the Rings there are many characters, but two of the most compelling are Frodo Baggins and Samwise Gamgee. No one will ever convince me that Sam was just Frodo’s companion (his gardener); he is very much his equal. He might not have been the first one who volunteered in Elrond’s Council to go to Mordor, but he stuck by Frodo’s side the entire way. The burden of the ring might not have affected him as badly as it did Frodo and Gollum, but he had the burden of watching his friend being destroyed.

frodo and sam

For Frodo the world could never be the same again and he had to leave the world he helped to save in order to come to peace with what he had sacrificed in order to save it. For Sam the world got better; he found out that there was so much more to life than being afraid of love. That was how the same journey had effected those two characters.

In my opinion the journey characters go on to overcome threats can be some of the most compelling plotlines. The nature of threats to be overcome can be as complex and varied as the methods the protagonists try to overcome them. The thing to always remember though is the sacrifice of your characters in these stories, because it is their sacrifice that the reader will remember.

The Key to a Great Story – Redeemable Antagonists

Anyone can be a redeemable antagonist for a time, even the best of friends.

Anyone can be a redeemable antagonist for a time, even the best of friends.

This post will be about antagonists that can be redeemable in the eyes of the reader and possibly also as part of their character development. J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter series offer great examples of characters that on occasion are antagonists but are written to be forgiven by the other characters and the audience.

The easiest type of redeemable antagonists to understand are those who are only temporarily antagonising the protagonist. Examples of such characters include best friends and family who are companions of the protagonist who are undergoing the same stresses at the protagonist but are reacting to them differently. The very best examples of these redeemable antagonists are Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger at various points in the Harry Potter Series.

How writers should approach these types of antagonists who disturb, intentionally or unintentionally, the protagonists actions or feelings is to remember that everybody is different. Humans react differently to situations differently. Some characters might want to charge into action while others might which stop for a few vital moments to think about what they are doing. These sorts of antagonists might only fall into this category for a chapter or two, but the key is to make sure that they are reacting for a good reason and their actions are understandable to the audience and to the protagonists for them to be able to forgive them eventually.

One of these ways a character might act like this is because they have a stubborn personality and they aren’t willing to admit that they are wrong. Ron and Hermione are both known to have stubborn opinions. For example Hermione is so determined that she is always right that at first Harry and Ron aren’t even friends with her. In the Goblet of Fire Ron is unwilling to accept that Harry didn’t put his name in to become a contestant in the tournament, and it isn’t until the first task when Ron comes around to accept that Harry didn’t.

Fear is another good reason for not cooperating when a protagonist really needs them to do so. Poor Neville in the first book nearly gets Harry and friends in trouble when he knocks over a suit of armour. Fear is emotion that an audience can understand better than being stubborn. While we all have our stubborn moments, we are all familiar with the instinct to survive. Being unwilling to participate because of fear is understandable, and overcoming it can make for great character development. I can honestly say I would never be as developed as Ron Weasley; there is no way on this good earth I would have entered the Forbidden Forest looking for spiders

Another type of redeemable antagonist is those characters who are simply doing their jobs. They might be an authority figure whose job it is to keep order. The protagonist might not be able to forgive their actions, but in the reader’s mind if the character is simply doing their job, then they might be able to forgive them their actions (unless they are extreme) by the end of the story.

Professor Mcgonagall’s punishment of her own students and House, in the first Harry Potter book when they are caught out of bed might seem quite harsh, but in all fairness Harry and Hermione were breaking the rules (sneaking out a dragon is high up on that list of rules I would suspect). Rules do exist for a reason, and being out of the dormitories at night is not an unreasonable rule to have in place. Both the reader and Harry understand and agree with her actions.

Sometimes characters though set out to be an antagonist but end up redeemable in the end. Draco Malfoy and Harry Potter come to an understanding, but Draco in my eyes while redeemable is a different type of antagonist. He is what I call a Puppet Antagonist, but that is a topic for another post.

So sometimes in your writing any of your characters can become a redeemable antagonist for a while. You just have to make sure that the reasons why they have found themselves in this characters category are both understandable to the audience. They might be doing their jobs or they just might need to find some courage, but either way they can still be characters that the audience love, they just might be a bit irritated with them for a while. To me, that makes your writing and your story more real.

The Key to a Great Story – Some Sources of Inspiration



Generally speaking for me when it comes to generating story ideas, a character in a particular scene comes to mind. For instance at the moment I’d thinking a great deal about how the next series of Game of Thrones is going to pan out now that the television show has caught up and in places surpassed the books. For some reason my mind has fixated on the Iron Bank in Braavos and the debts the Iron Throne owe it. From that simple idea, I have created a character, known simply as the Debt Collector.

From this simple thought based on a pre-existing form of entertainment I have actually created a character that now I can remove from the context in which I originally created them, and build an entirely new story world and plot for that is entirely separate from Game of Thrones. While the ‘Debt Collector’ within the context of Game of Thrones at the moment is a vicious, bloodthirsty, and cunning character, at the minute they are very much just a fragment of the full potential they could be. They are just a wisp of an idea that needs to be developed further.

Some might argue that using pre-existing material is cheating and lacks original thought, but it is something that I entirely disagree with, as would the majority of people who have ever written fan-fiction. The act of writing fan-fiction and using pre-existing entertainment isn’t cheating, it is practice,. It is only questionable, not to mention very dishonest and illegal to use any of the copyrighted material to attempt to make profit for yourself.

twilight and 50 shades

One of the most famous examples of a developed fanfiction is ‘The Fifty Shades’ trilogy, which E.L. James says was originally a fanfiction of Twilight. Not commenting on the quality of either of those franchises though, using existing material to practice is something that I certainly advocate. A great deal of practice I developed as a teenager come from writing Harry Potter fanfiction; several of my characters that I created in my current work in progress came from that material originally, though they are now developed beyond recognition of what I original wrote within the wall of Hogwarts. I’d never be ashamed to admit though that J.K Rowling’s world was an inspiration to me, because I used her story world to practice creating characters and how they interact with the world and plot around them in order to practice writing.

Inspiration though does not just come from other works of fiction. As a Historian I’ve studied a great deal of material about the past that is also an ideal source of inspiration. Fantasy writers like J.R.R. Tolkien and George R. Martin are famous for using history as sources of inspirations. Living in the North East of England it wasn’t a surprise to me that Martin used Hadrian’s Wall as the inspiration for ‘The Wall’ in Westeros, because that has been the first thought I’d had on learning about the Night’s Watch and their geographical location. He also based the wars between the Houses on the ‘War of the Roses’. Neither though bare much relation to the original material because he has developed it further.


Modern day life can also be a fantastic source of inspiration for beginning to think about a story. Current events in the news and the gossip of the celebrity world are very good living examples that you can study about how characters and stories can develop. One of the few times as a teenager that wrote in the modern world (rather than a one I created for myself) I was writing about how a famous actor was running away from the marriage to another celebrity than she had seemingly found herself trapped into going through with. I can’t remember who it was that must have been in the gossip columns getting married at the time, but I know the idea hit me while I was reading one.

Another great source of inspiration I have also found to be entirely reliable is the thought processes your brain is going through just as you are attempting to fall asleep. An idea will strike you when you least expect it, and you will never be able to explain where you got it. Not all sources of inspiration are tangible, but everything can be a source of inspiration.